Friday, May 21, 2010

Personal Faith versus Public Religion

When is the boundary drawn?

Does the public institutions of religion enhance or restrict the evolution and developement of personal faith.

If a person becomes enlightened, do they really need the guidance and advice of the clergy with their opinionated dogma. Can the clergy really provide an impartial view?

The hypocrisy of a cleric extolling the virtue of living a simplistic life, so as to assist the poor and needy, and deriding selfishness, grates against my craw when I see the wealth that exists in the churches of the old religions.

Teleevangelists do not seem to have a good grasp either. They encourage their congregations to pray for a new car or for money for this and that. Is that the true purpose of becoming a spiritual person, so as you can attain more material weath, and by supposedly guaranteeing your place in the eternal hereafter?

Where does caring, compassion and trying to be a better person fit with the goals of material wealth.

Finding one's inner strength and using that to better the conditions of one's life and those around us sits more correctly with me. The dogma of God first, others second and me last does not always seem to universally apply.

Perhaps St Francis had the right path, or the Dalai lama?

Something to ponder about.....

next time Crafts and Recycled Bags....

Sunday, May 16, 2010

Organ in the Scandinavian Nazareth Church

In addition to my post next hereunder, I had to include two pics of the fabulous old organ. It appears to have been refurbished but I will have to source more information on this musical piece....
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Scandinavian spring concert in Autumn - Folk Music

Those Scandinavians who reside in Australia, refuse to believe its Autumn here in Australia. And who can blame them when the temperatures are more like Spring in the Nordic countries.

With that in mind, the Swedish church was the venue for the Scandinavian choir to host a concert. Spring certainly was in the air in the fabulous acoustics of the Nazareth church. the steps lead to the choir mezzanine.

Saa laange skutan kan gaa, Vaarsang, Solen glimmar blank og trind resounded through the church. Moving the Finnish population present was Karjalan Kunnailla, a haunting song about the eviction of one third of the Finnish population from their homelands in Karelia, during 1939 - 1941. Blinds were compulsorily drawn on the carriages of the trains that ferried these people to their new residence. Some were never to see their rich and fertile homelands again. This tune effectively conveys a mourning aching in the soul.
Kupaleja, the traditional Scandinavian folk music band comprising members who are svensk, dansk and norsk, and Australian, played some fun old ditties from years gone by and also led the sing-a-longs in Norsk i roedt, hvitt og blaatt, Jeg ved en laerkerede, Tula tullalla, I denna ljuva sommartid and more. These wonderful old songs resound in my head and the melodies for me are truly immortal, spanning generation gaps. Music is a universal language, needing no literal translation to convey feelings. For this reason alone, this music, more common to the 18 and 19th century must be preserved. Music is also a wonderful way to learn a foreign language. And it is fun.

The highlight of the evening was a performance by soloist Annaliese with a soprano rendition of Solveig's song by Edvard Greig.... simply awe inspiring.

For me this church has a special meaning and is a significant place to hold an event such as this.

The entrance to the Swedish Lutheran Nazarene church, one which my Great Great Grandmother would have no doubt attended in her elder years when she immigrated to Australia as she lived in the vicinity as well as my Danish great grandfather, the first one to undertake immigration to the New world.....

Monday, May 3, 2010

Bananas, Ballina, Beach, Bangalow and The Big Scrub

Labour Day Weekend, and the chance to get away and celebrate another year on this earth. I don't really want to celebrate but any excuse for a short break away from home, and I will take it.

Away we go down the M1 highway, and where once upon a time it was three hours from Brisbane ( Brisvegas ) to Byron bay, it now only takes half that time. Three to four lanes of breakneck (breakspine head and all other parts of your body)speed for almost all the way, and the New South wales government will continue it on to Grafton, in coming months!

A brief stop in Bangalow, a heritage village, peppered with upmarket gift and antique shops. Interesting display in the historic museum.

Interesting display of timber getters, bullocky teams and dairy vans in the Big Scrub's early days of selection and clearning.

This area is traditionally a sugar cane and Banana growing area... now I think it grows macadamias, fruits and weed!!!

My great grandfather was a pioneer in the region of the Big Scrub, a name given to a huge stretch of wet subtropical rainforest stretching across a large part of North eastern New South Wales.

Remnants of this scub remain in Whian Whian forest, and the areas now preserved in National park and State Conservation areas, but most of it was burned because the flora was "just scrub". Men were first attracted to this area for the prize of Cedar, a beautiful soft timber that was used for furniture and sadly, flooring, in the nineteenth century, then later the area was opened up for agriculture. My great grandfather, Samuel Russell was one of the original Pioneering families of the Eureka, Coopers Creek area.

Pretty hard to find the farm now, but the area is still agricultural. And a wonderful place for a day trip from Lismore or further north.

But our destination was Ballina. And the beach. The waters here are
pristine and reminescent of pre boom Gold and Sunshine coast. Clear blue turquoise waters translucent waves, and clean white sandy beaches. The fish were biting.

Rocks to climb, interesting shells and pebbles to collect, fabulous views and sunset and a bonfire on the beach. NO wonder a couple were getting married there.

We even saw sea anenomes, sea urchins and crabs scurrying and sunbaking on the rocks.

This area was almost completely free of pollution yet home to a city of 40,000 people.
Unlike the beaches 45 minutes drive to the North, which tourists flock to. They don't realize how dirty and unclean the seas and beaches of the Gold Coast really are. For me, the pressure of people and development mean that the environment suffers the consequences and that this is the price of commercial business development and tourism. Yet it can be done in a way that is not so detrimental to the environment. Environmental education campaigns were very evident in banners along the streets in Ballina and it appears to have been effective. This is something for the busier beach townships to ponder about...

The following information is from:

The Big Scrub, once Australia's largest area of tall subtropical rainforest, originally covered approximately 75,000 hectares extending from Lismore east to the edge of the coastal plain inland from Ballina, and from Meerschaum Vale in the south to Nightcap, Goonengerry and Byron Bay in the north, including the villages of Alstonville, Clunes and Bangalow.

Now only small scattered remnants of rainforest remain, many of them less than five hectares in area and covering less than 700 hectares in total – less than 1 per cent of the original area.

The Big Scrub was cleared by European settlers from the 1840s. The area was cleared for its valuable cabinet timber species, in particular red cedar, and ultimately to open up the land for agriculture, particularly dairying.

The mosaic of remnants stretches across the Alstonville-Dunoon plateau and provides important stepping stones for birds and bats which seasonally migrate between the forests of the coast to the south and the Nightcap and Border Ranges. The remnants are important genetic pools for seed dispersal between rainforests in north-eastern New South Wales and demonstrate the range of lowland rainforest alliances of the Mt Warning volcanic caldera.

The main Big Scrub remnants today include Uralba Nature Reserve, Booyong Recreation Reserve, Andrew Johnston Big Scrub, Victoria Park, Davis Scrub, Hayters Hill, Boatharbour, Minyon Falls Nature Reserve, Big Scrub Flora Reserve and Wilson Nature Reserve.

When the original cedar cutters arrived in 1842, they were spellbound by the trees that stood dense and tall on the river banks. The abundance of the ‘red gold’ was greater than anyone had experienced before and the quality of the timber was exceptional. More cedar cutters from the coast flocked to the district.

As the trees became scarcer in easy country, the cutters moved into more remote and virtually inaccessible country and continued their harvest. Apart from cedar, the cutters also sought valuable rainforest timber species such as rosewood and "bog onion" or "onion cedar" and, later, hoop pine, which are now scarce and limited in range.

Although the Richmond River area around Casino had been opened up by 1840 and settlements were already established along the rivers, the Big Scrub remained, for the most part, uninhabited prior to 1861.

Indeed, some scientists believe that river flats within the Big Scrub were relatively tree-free lands suitable for grazing from an early stage without massive clearing and it was these lands which were settled in the early period - including properties such as Cassino, Runnymede, Wooroowoolgen, Wyangarie, Dyraaba, Richmond Head (later named Fairy Mount), Tunstall and Lismore.

It was not until 1865, when the Freeborn brothers selected land at what is now Alstonville, under the Conditional Purchase provisions of the Robertson Land Act of 1862, that settlement of the Big Scrub commenced in earnest.

The photo at left, taken c.1908 near Jiggi Creek just north of Lismore, shows that even to clear a site for a hut was a major undertaking; clearing an entire selection would involve months of back-breaking effort for the settler and any of his children able to help.

Nevertheless, the demand for good grazing land fed a steady flow of settlers into the region as land was progressively made available for purchase.

Inroads into the wildlife were heavy but in the long term may have had less drastic permanent effects on animal populations, had suitable reserves been created and maintained. But as axes rang through the forest, trees crashed and the smoke drifted through the canopy, wildlife had no hope; its habitat was almost totally erased.

One man and his brother were able to shoot 102 wompoo pigeons from one white cedar in one morning and, on another day, filled two chaff bags with topknot pigeons and four brush turkeys; brown pigeons were too small to waste the powder on but, on the way home, one casually thrown stick killed six of them. These birds were destined for salting down as the family's food.

At the same time, previously uncommon cockatoos, parrots and lorikeets descended on the pioneer settlers’ crops "in clouds". Pademelons also proliferated and became a scourge to crops and pastures; bandicoots were more numerous than ever before and the brush possum appeared in numbers.

The settlers explained this passing abundance of some animals as crowding due to the reduction of available habitat. This may be partly true, but a more likely explanation is that the plant communities at that stage of the clearing provided better habitat for some animals than had the unbroken rainforest.

The abundance was short lived and soon the main elements of the rainforest fauna were gone. The Big Scrub was inhabited by dairy cows and open-country avifauna. There were few remaining native mammals. That situation remains today, although dairy farms have largely been replaced by macadamia nut and tropical fruit plantations.

It is hard to be critical of early cedar cutters and settlers who contributed to this destruction; the evidence of their hardiness and enterprise, their spirit and their willingness to endure harsh conditions and to pull together is too great not to feel some admiration, notwithstanding various incidents of cruelty and worse towards the Bundjalung and other Aboriginal peoples of the region.

It is worth remembering that red cedar was the first export product of the convict colony of NSW and, for a good part of the 19th century, it was the third most important economic produce of NSW after wheat and wool. As for settlers, the "conditional purchase" provisions of the 1862 Robertson Land Act meant that the selector had to clear several acres of land each year; otherwise the land could have been forfeited. In addition, the selector had to build a house and make other "improvements" to maintain his title.

In the midst of the destruction, some land-clearing practices that were consciously adopted had the effect of preserving patches of The Big Scrub for posterity. Some property owners preserved small parcels of their upper country out of respect for and appreciation of the forest's natural values. Other patches were deliberately retained as firebreaks (although rainforest is susceptible to fire and does not regrow from it as does eucalypt forest).

The modern pursuit of industrialised rainforest timber harvesting by corporate sawmillers acting with the blessing and support of the Forestry Commission of New South Wales is another matter, worthy of a separate story.

The Big Scrub was the largest and probably the richest in New South Wales but there were other “scrubs”. They were distributed, patchily, from the Illawarra district to Cape York but most have a similar history of destruction.

In New South Wales virtually all have gone and rainforest now remains as isolated pockets in the ranges or on mountainsides, much of them preserved in national parks with significant areas also in Forests NSW properties. The only sizeable areas left are in the north east of the state, in the Border Ranges.



Rainforest Rescue -

Lismore City Council -

Frith, H.J, “The Big Scrub” (extract), Terania Enviro Action Network, accessed 17/12/2008 -

Alexander, K. and Graham, J., “North to the Big Scrub: Migration from the Illawarra, Shoalhaven and Southern Highlands to the Richmond River 1861-1914”, accessed 17/12/2009 -

Richmond River Historical Society -

Litter and How it Affects the Environment - what can we do?

Thank goodness school are waking up to the importance of studying socially useful topics like sustainability and Caring for our Environment. My local school is discussing Litter and possible solutions....

Did you know:

* Cigarette butts, are made of a form of plastic that can persist in the environment for 10-12 years! 4.5 trillion Non-biodegradable cigarette butts are littered worldwide.
• Polystyrene litter such as disposable coffee cups or packing materials can be eaten by animals who mistake it for food,. Polystyrene can poison and/or clog stomachs leading to death by either toxicity or starvation. Once released into the environment, polystyrene will NEVER decompose to a non-recognizable form.
Entanglement occurs when animal becomes wrapped in or ensnared up by something. In many cases litter can entangle an animal swimming by. It can suffocate or drown. Six packs rings causing 6 million sea bird deaths a year and over 100,000 marine mammal deaths. The plastic used to create the rings takes 450 years to decompose!
• Plastic shopping bags take between 10-20 years to decompose. Turtles mistake plastic bags as jellyfish and eat them causing suffocation, drowning and gut obstruction.

• Set an example by not littering.
• Using cloth napkins rather than paper,
• Composting food scraps,
• Carrying reusable bottles instead of buying water in plastic, etc.
• Talk to your family and friends about recycling to reduce the amount of material you throw away, this will also result in a reduction of litter generally.

• Dispose of rubbish properly. Recycle any materials that can be recycled and dispose of the rest in a garbage can.

• Do not have bins in forest areas where birds or animals may spread litter around. When you visit a park or beach, remember to take out what you bring in. Keep trash and recyclables in a bag or backpack until you can put them in a litter basket.
• Do not dump anything down the storm drain.

• Keep a litterbag in your car.

• Avoid excess packaging when you shop. This will decrease litter from the start.

• Purchase reusable canvas natural fibre bags for your groceries and errands. Keep these items in your car so that they are handy whenever you might need them.

• Do not accept plastic bags with items you purchase if you can carry your purchase with out them.

• Keep your yard clean and free of things that can blow into the street and become litter.

• At home, make sure garbage and recycling bags are tied securely so that loose papers and other items cannot fall out and become litter.

• Make sure you close the lid on your refuse containers after depositing your trash or recycling inside. This will prevent refuse from spilling into the street.

• Do not overfill refuse containers; exposed garbage will likely result in litter.

• Remove flyers or take-out menus promptly from your front door or windscreen before they are blown away and become litter.

• Participate in and promote recycling programs such as kerbside cleanup.

• Stop litter at the source. Reduce your junk mail by writing to Direct Marketing companies to request no junk mail to be sent to your address.

• Have a "no smoking" policy or allow smoking only in designated areas. More and more public beaches, parks, open-air shopping malls, and college campus are trying to concentrate cigarette butt litter by requiring smokers to use only designated areas.